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The centimeter unit is
derived from the meter unit. The word "centi" means one-hundredth and
Thus,
Typically, centimeters are used to measure small distances,
such as 10 cm or 12 cm.
The meter is also a unit of distance or length, just like
the foot, which is equal to 30.48 cm. Similarly, an even smaller unit of
distance is the millimeter, which is one-tenth of a centimeter, with one unit
equal to 0.1 cm. Another unit you might be familiar with is the inch, one unit
of which equals 2.54 cm.
Here are a few units that are commonly used to measure
distance:
●
Inch: The inch is a
unit of measurement that is slightly larger than the centimeter and commonly
used to measure clothes for cutting, paper sizes, and other similar dimensions.
It equals 2.54 cm.
● Foot: The foot is another unit of length that is used in
countries where the imperial system of measurement is used. One foot equals 12
inches or 30.48 cm and it is generally used in measuring people’s heights.
●
Cubit: The Cubit is a
unit of measurement that is based on the length of the forearm, typically
measured from the tip of the middle finger to the elbow. It was widely used by
ancient civilizations like the Egyptians and Mesopotamians. Archaeological
evidence of cubit sticks has been found in the remnants of ancient Egyptian
civilization. A cubit stick is usually 20 inches (50 cm) long, and is divided
into seven palms, with each palm consisting of four fingers.
●
Miles: Miles are used
in the imperial system and most used in the United States. They are
approximately equal to 1.6 km.
A centimeter scale is a measuring scale that typically has
both centimeter and inch measurements marked on it at regular intervals. The
top portion of the scale is marked in centimeters, while the bottom portion is
marked in inches, as shown in the figure below.
Centimeter scale
We commonly use the centimeter scale for measuring small
distances, such as when creating diagrams in a notebook. In mathematics, the
most commonly used measuring tool is the ruler, which is used to measure small
objects like books, pencils, and bottles. Rulers are typically available in two
sizes, 6 inches and 12 inches, and are marked in inches and centimeters.
Similarly, another tool of measurement is the yardstick that
measures in meters and centimeters and is used for larger objects. For
instance, it could be used to measure the length of a table or the width of a
bag.
Simply speaking, a centimeter chart lists various units of
length and shows how we can interconvert between these units and the centimeter.
Generally, these units can include meters, inches, feet, yards, etc.
As previously stated, the centimeter unit is derived from
the meter unit and the word centi
means one-hundredth. Thus, there are 100 cm in 1 m. In the international system
of units, the meter unit is defined explicitly, while the centimeter is based
on the meter instead of having an explicit definition. The definition of meter
is given below:
A meter is a unit of
length defined as the distance travelled by light in 1/299792458
of a second. Therefore,
1 cm = 0.01 m
1m = 100 cm
In the table given below, you can see a few example conversions between centimeters and meters:
Centimeters |
Meters |
1 cm |
0.01 m |
3 cm |
0.03 m |
4 cm |
0.04 m |
8 cm |
0.08 m |
40 cm |
0.4 m |
100 cm |
1 m |
500 cm |
5 m |
1000 cm |
10 m |
The foot is another commonly used unit of measurement in the
imperial system and is equal to 12 inches. 1 inch itself equals 2.54 cm and
thus, to convert from cm to foot, we must multiply the value by 0.0328084.
Example: 6 cm is
equal to
Centimeters |
Feet |
1 cm |
0.038084 ft. |
3 cm |
0.09843 ft. |
5 cm |
0.016404 ft. |
40 cm |
1.131234 ft. |
50 cm |
1.64042 ft. |
100 cm |
3.28084 ft. |
Inch is also a unit of distance commonly used where the imperial system of measurement is followed. It is also used to measure clothes, paper sizes, and other similar dimensions. 1 inch equals 2.54 cm and some example conversions are given below:
Centimeters |
Inches |
3 cm |
1.1811 in |
4 cm |
1.5748 in |
6 cm |
2.3622 in |
7 cm |
2.7559 in |
10 cm |
3.9370 in |
For measuring distances even smaller the centimeter, one can
use the millimeter unit, which is equal to one-tenth of a centimeter. That is,
10 mm = 1 cm. Look at a few example conversions below:
Centimeters |
Millimeters |
2 cm |
20 mm |
4 cm |
40 mm |
5 cm |
50 mm |
10 cm |
100 mm |
100 cm |
1000 mm |
10000 cm |
100000 mm |
This article discussed conversion between various units of
length. A summary of the conversion factors is given below:
●
100 cm = 1 m, or 1 cm
= 0.01 m
●
1 cm = 0.0328084 ft.,
or 1 ft. = 30.48 cm
●
1 cm = 0.3937 in, or 1
in = 2.54 cm
●
1 cm = 10 mm, or 1 mm
= 0.1 cm
1. How do we convert
between centimeters and meters?
Centimeters and meters have a relation of 100. That is, 1 m
= 100 cm. Thus, to convert from cm to m, divide the value by 100.
2. How to convert centimeters
to feet?
We know that 1 cm equals
0.0328084 feet and thus, multiplying the given value with 0.0328084 will give
us the measurement in feet.
3. What do you mean
by centimeter chart?
Using a centimeter chart, we can easily convert between
different units of length. A centimeter chart lists various such units and
their conversion factors with a centimeter.
4. How to convert centimeters
to inches?
An inch is approximately equal to 2.54 cm and thus, we can divide by 2.54 or multiply by 0. 393700787 to get the answer in inches.